Barrel

A barrel is a way to rollup exports from several modules into a single convenient module. The barrel itself is a module file that re-exports selected exports of other modules.

Imagine the following class structure in a library:

// demo/foo.ts
export class Foo {}

// demo/bar.ts
export class Bar {}

// demo/baz.ts
export class Baz {}

Without a barrel, a consumer would need three import statements:

import { Foo } from '../demo/foo';
import { Bar } from '../demo/bar';
import { Baz } from '../demo/baz';

You can instead add a barrel demo/index.ts containing the following:

// demo/index.ts
export * from './foo'; // re-export all of its exports
export * from './bar'; // re-export all of its exports
export * from './baz'; // re-export all of its exports

Now the consumer can import what it needs from the barrel:

import { Foo, Bar, Baz } from '../demo'; // demo/index.ts is implied

Named exports

Instead of exporting *, you can choose to export the module in a name. E.g., assume that baz.ts has functions:

// demo/foo.ts
export class Foo {}

// demo/bar.ts
export class Bar {}

// demo/baz.ts
export function getBaz() {}
export function setBaz() {}

If you would rather not export getBaz / setBaz from demo you can instead put them in a variable by importing them in a name and exporting that name as shown below:

// demo/index.ts
export * from './foo'; // re-export all of its exports
export * from './bar'; // re-export all of its exports

import * as baz from './baz'; // import as a name
export { baz }; // export the name

And now the consumer would look like:

import { Foo, Bar, baz } from '../demo'; // demo/index.ts is implied

// usage
baz.getBaz();
baz.setBaz();
// etc. ...

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