Equality

One thing to be careful about in JavaScript is the difference between == and ===. As JavaScript tries to be resilient against programming errors == tries to do type coercion between two variables e.g. converts a string to a number so that you can compare with a number as shown below:

console.log(5 == "5"); // true   , TS Error
console.log(5 === "5"); // false , TS Error

However the choices JavaScript makes are not always ideal. For example in the below example the first statement is false because "" and "0" are both strings and are clearly not equal. However in the second case both 0 and the empty string ("") are falsy (i.e. behave like false) and are therefore equal with respect to ==. Both statements are false when you use ===.

console.log("" == "0"); // false
console.log(0 == ""); // true

console.log("" === "0"); // false
console.log(0 === ""); // false

Note that string == number and string === number are both compile time errors in TypeScript, so you don't normally need to worry about this.

Similar to == vs. ===, there is != vs. !==

So ProTip: Always use === and !== except for null checks, which we cover later.

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